MODERNIZATION OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES BY MILK PROCESSING ENTERPRISES OF UKRAINE AS A FACTOR IN INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF PRODUCTS
Keywords:milk processing industry, milk processing enterprises, latest technologies, competitiveness, economic effect, technical and economic calculation, production efficiency, resource saving, innovative technologies
The article examines the relevance and substantiates the need for the introduction of the latest technologies and the modernization of existing production resources by domestic milk processing enterprises. The dynamics of the active enterprises of the milk processing industry of Ukraine over the last ten years were analyzed, and their structure for 2020 was also considered. For a generalized understanding of the state of development of the milk processing industry of Ukraine, the number of operating enterprises by region was studied and ranked. It was determined that the leaders of the milk processing industry are the following regions: Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Vinnytsia and Kyiv regions. As a result of the stable growth of the number of milk processing enterprises in Ukraine, the competition in the market of dairy products is also increasing, therefore business entities need to actively look for opportunities to increase the competitiveness of their products, and this is possible by introducing the latest and resource-saving technologies into their economic activity. A technical and economic substantiation of the application of the automatic system for washing the milk line of milking units UDM-100 "Bratslavchanka" and UDE-16 "Yalynka" was carried out. It is substantiated that in order to increase the quality of milk, production efficiency and resource saving (by reducing the consumption of air, hot water, energy and operating costs) it is advisable to use the invention, which increases the efficiency of the milking system washing system by using air and hydraulic injectors with automated control of mode parameters of their action depending on indicators of contamination of the milk-conducting equipment.
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